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Posts Tagged ‘Inquisition’

Catholicism: The Heart of History

In 15 Audio on 2016/06/24 at 12:00 AM

 

Catholicism: The Heart of History Back to Series List
Program Name Audio File Name – Click to download
1. The Roman Imperium and Christendom: Constantine, Justinian and Charlemagne
Host – Joanna & James Bogle
cathhh01.mp3
History of the spread of Christianity and Catholicism through the Roman Empire and it’s subsequent fall to the Franks – Charlemagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III.
2. The Roman Pontiff & Emperor: Keystones to the Commonwealth of Christ
Host – Joanna & James Bogle
cathhh02.mp3
In Pagan Rome the Emperor was also the head of the pagan church and had the title “Pontifax.” The Church changed the word from Pontifax to Pontiff. The Christian Holy Roman Emperor and the Pontiff were a support for one another – the Pope would approve and crown the Emperor and support the idea of the “Divine Right of Kings, while the Emperor would support and protect the Church.”
3. The Knights Templar and Hospitaller
Host – Joanna & James Bogle
cathhh03.mp3
Order of Knights created to serve the Church during the Crusades to protect pilgrims and Catholic Christian Churches in the Holy Land from Muslim invaders.
4. The Inquisition: Medieval, Spanish and Roman: What’s the Real Story?
Host – Joanna & James Bogle
cathhh04.mp3
The Roman inquisition was quite different from the Spanish and in fact was quite mild in comparison. The purpose was to root out heresy and protect the doctrines and deposit of Faith of the Church. In Spain, the State was experiencing cases where false converts, particularly from Islam, were trying to infiltrate and overthrow the Monarchy.
5. Spain, England & America: The Black Legend, True or False?
Host – Joanna & James Bogle
cathhh05.mp3
The Tears of the Indians, a book published in England, claimed that the Spanish explorers and settlers of the New World were exploiting and forcing the American natives to convert to Catholicism. This was propaganda aimed at denouncing the Catholic Church and the Spanish Monarchy as well.
6. Galileo: The Church and Science
Host – Joanna & James Bogle
cathhh06.mp3
Galileo was asked to refrain from speaking about his agreement with the Copernican view of the Universe. The Church and the Pope never said that Copernicus theory was wrong, rather the Church wanted to avoid confusion for those who would not understand the change from a Ptolemaic view to a Copernican view of the universe. Almost all of the scientific discoveries of the age were made possible through the Universities established by the Church.
7. The Protestant Reformation and How The People of England Opposed it
Host – Joanna & James Bogle
cathhh07.mp3
8. The English Civil War: What Really Happened?
Host – Joanna & James Bogle
cathhh08.mp3
9. The Enlightenment and the Suppression of the Jesuits
Host – Joanna & James Bogle
cathhh09.mp3
10. The French Revolution and the Destruction of Christendom
Host – Joanna & James Bogle
cathhh10.mp3
11. The Counter-revolution in France & Austria
Host – Joanna & James Bogle
cathhh11.mp3
12. 1848 to WWI: The Rise of Secularism, Nationalism & Totalitarianism
Host – Joanna & James Bogle
cathhh12.mp3
13. The Church in the 20th Century
Host – Joanna & James Bogle
cathhh13.mp3
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Great Heresies by Fr. Charles Connor

In 15 Audio on 2015/06/12 at 12:00 AM
The Great Heresies
Host – Fr. Charles Connor
In the series, The Great Heresies, Fr. Charles Connor of the Diocese of Scranton, Pennsylvania examines how the Catholic Church has handled issues of heresy throughout its history, thereby providing a clarified understanding of the deposit of faith.

1.What Is Heresy? Part One
Host – Fr. Charles Connorgrthr_01.mp3Fr. Connor cites St. Thomas Aquinas on the definition and nature of heresy as deviation from the whole and entire, universal Catholic Faith. He distinguishes between formal and material heresy, apostasy and schism.

2.What Is Heresy? Part Two
Host – Fr. Charles Connorgrthr_02.mp3Here Fr. Connor explores what the Bible says about heresy and those who espouse heretical tenets. The inspired writers seek to protect the full revelation made by Christ to His Church.

3.The Early Heresies
Host – Fr. Charles Connorgrthr_03.mp3Fr Connor explains the early heresies known as Gnosticism, Marcionism and Manichaeism.

4.The Church Fathers and Heresy
Host – Fr. Charles Connorgrthr_04.mp3In the effort to declare the true Faith over and above the errors of heresies such as Docetism, Fr. Connor focuses on the works of St. Augustine, Tertullian, St. Ambrose of Milan, St. Jerome and St. John Chrysostom.

5.Heresies of the Fourth and Fifth Centuries, Part One
Host – Fr. Charles Connorgrthr_05.mp3Fr. Connor gives a treatment of Arianism, a heresy which stated that Jesus was the perfect creature, but not God. St. Athanasius defends the divinity of Christ.

6.Heresies of the Fourth and Fifth Centuries, Part Two
Host – Fr. Charles Connorgrthr_06.mp3Here Fr Connor discusses the heresies known as Monothelitism, Donatism and Pelagianism. St. Augustine worked to champion the true Faith.

7.Iconoclasm
Host – Fr. Charles Connorgrthr_07.mp3Fr Connor examines the period of the Iconoclastic Controversy, from 725-843 A.D., in which there were alternating periods of icon desecration and recovery, succeeded by the 7th Ecumenical Council of Nicea and the eventual triumph of the Iconophiles, resulting in the Feast of Orthodoxy. The works of Andrei Rublev and Theophanes the Greek are noted for their splendor in depicting divine realities.

8.The Great Schism of the Eleventh Century
Host – Fr. Charles Connorgrthr_08.mp3Fr Kilian introduces us to the theological and political reasons for the 1054 split between Eastern and Western Christianity. The Church today seeks to actively promote the cause of Christian unity.

9.The Military Response to Heresy: The Crusades
Host – Fr. Charles Connorgrthr_09.mp3Fr. Connor explains that the Crusades were intended for the defense of Western Europe as well as a means to secure safety and access to revered Christian sites in the Holy Land. The diplomacy of St. Francis of Assisi gains the Franciscan Custody of the Holy Land, which lasts to this day.

10.The Papacy Returns to Rome: Rise of Schism and Heresy
Host – Fr. Charles Connorgrthr_10.mp3Fr Kilian introduces us the history involved in the late 14th and early 15th centuries, including Pope Gregory XI returning the papacy from Avignon to Rome in 1377 after a meeting with St. Catherine of Siena. The Great Western Schism then took place from 1378-1417, as rival claimants to the papacy plunged the Church into turmoil. In this period the Church deals with the works of William of Ockham, John Wycliffe and Jan Hus.

11.The Inquisition
Host – Fr. Charles Connorgrthr_11.mp3In addition to giving a treatment on Albigensianism in early 13th century France, Fr. Connor discusses the reasons the Church through Pope Gregory IX established the Inquisition. The roles of Church and state are discussed in the handling of heresy.

12.The Reformation, Part One
Host – Fr. Charles Connorgrthr_12.mp3Fr. Connor introduces the major figures involved in the period of the Reformation: Martin Luther, Pope Leo X, Frederick of Saxony, Ulrich Zwinglii, John Calvin, Henry VIII, St. Thomas More, St. John Fisher and Elizabeth I.

13.The Reformation, PartTwo
Host – Fr. Charles Connorgrthr_13.mp3Fr. Connor continues his introduction to the major figures involved in the period of the Reformation: Martin Luther, Franz Kolb, King Christian II of Denmark, Gustavus Vasa, Olaf Petersson, King Francis I of France, Cardinal Richelieu, Vittoria Colonna in Italy, Emperor Charles V, Edward VI and Queen Mary Tudor.

  V.  VARIOUS  SOURCES

Catholic Culture News http://www.catholicculture.org/news/

Papal Encyclicals On Line http://www.papalencyclicals.net/

Catholic Library: Documents http://www.newadvent.org/library/

Holy See http://www.vatican.va/phome_en.htm

Vatican News Service http://www.vatican.va/news_services/index.htm

ZENITH: The World Seen From Rome http://www.zenit.org/index.php?l=english

Christian Faith and Demonology  http://christianfaithanddemonology.blogspot.com/

Spiritual Motherhood http://norprov.org/spirituality/forpriests.pdf

2 WRITINGS OF SAINTS

Newman APOLOGIA PRO VITA SUA http://www.gutenberg.org/files/19690/19690-h/19690-h.htm

Newman: STUDY OF A CONVERT http://www.gutenberg.org/files/24574/24574-h/24574-h.htm

Newman CALLISTA http://www.gutenberg.org/files/30664/30664-h/30664-h.html

Newman PRIVATE JUDGEMENThttp://saints.sqpn.com/private-judgment-by-blessed-john-henry-newman/

Newman CERTAIN DIFFICULTIES FELT BY ANGLICANS IN CATHOLIC TEACHINGS

Part I: http://www.archive.org/details/certaindifficult01john

Part II:   http://www.archive.org/details/certaindifficult02john

Pius X TEACHING OF CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE Part  II: http://saints.sqpn.com/pope-pius-x-acerbo-nimis-on-teaching-christian-doctine-15-april-1905/

Pius X  Divino Afflatu Spiritu http://sanctaliturgia.blogspot.com/2005/11/divino-afflatu-english.html

Pius X RESTORATION OF ALL THINGS IN CHRIST  http://saints.sqpn.com/pope-pius-x-e-supremi-on-the-restoration-of-all-things-in-christ-4-october-1903/

Pius X DOCTRINE OF THE MODERNISTS  http://saints.sqpn.com/pope-pius-x-pascendi-dominici-gregis-on-the-doctrine-of-the-modernists-8-september-1907/

De Sales TREATISE ON THE LOVE OF GODhttp://www.ccel.org/ccel/desales/love/Page_Index.html

De Sales INTRODUCTION TO THE DEVOUT LIFE   http://www.ccel.org/d/desales/devout_life/devout_life.html

UNIFORMITY WITH THE WILL OF GOD http://saints.sqpn.com/saint-alphonsus-de-ligouri-uniformity-with-gods-will/

Ligouri ASSUMPTION OF MARY http://saints.sqpn.com/saint-alphonsus-de-liguori-of-the-assumption-of-mary/

Pius V  ON PRAYING THE ROSARY http://saints.sqpn.com/pope-pius-v-consueverunt-romani-on-praying-the-rosary-17-september-1569/

Waugh  THE CAPTURE OF CAMPION   http://www.cin.org/campcapt.html

Ignatius Loyola  LETTER ON OBEDIENCE   http://www.cin.org/jesuit.html

Ignatius Loyola SPIRITUAL EXERCISES   http://www.intratext.com/X/ENG0036.htm

Chinese Cultural Studies MATTEO RICCI ON THE ART OF PRINTING http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/phalsall/texts/ric-prt.html

Thomas More  A TREATISE ON THE BLESSED SACRAMENT http://saints.sqpn.com/stt04001.htm

Benedict XVI  ST. DOMINIC   http://saints.sqpn.com/pope0258i.htm

Bonaventure JOURNEY OF THE MIND INTO GOD  http://saints.sqpn.com/stb16012.htm

Bonaventure MIND’S ROAD TO GOD  http://www.intratext.com/X/ENG0071.htm

Aquinas SUMMA –  The Nature and Extent of Christian Doctrine  http://saints.sqpn.com/stp1q001.htm

Aquinas SUMMA –  The Existence of God http://saints.sqpn.com/stp1q002.htm

Aquinas SUMMA Of the Simplicity of God    http://saints.sqpn.com/stp1q003.htm

Aquinas SUMMA Of the Perfection of God  http://saints.sqpn.com/stp1q004.htm

Aquinas SUMMA  Of Goodness in General http://saints.sqpn.com/stp1q004.htm

Aquinas SUMMA Of the Goodness of God http://saints.sqpn.com/stp1q006.htm

Bernard of Clairvaux THE HOLY GUARDIAN ANGELS   http://saints.sqpn.com/stb08003.htm

Bernard of Clairvaux  ON LOVING GOD  http://saints.sqpn.com/on-loving-god-by-saint-bernard-of-clairvaux/

Golden Legend THE LIFE OF ST. THOMAS OF CANTERBURY  http://saints.sqpn.com/the-golden-legend-the-life-of-saint-thomas-of-canterbury/

Anselm of Canterbury  ON THE BEING OF GOD    http://saints.sqpn.com/saint-anselm-of-canterbury-monologium-on-the-being-of-god/

Anselm of Canterbury DISCOURSE ON THE EXISTENCE OF GOD   http://saints.sqpn.com/saint-anselm-of-canterbury-proslogium-or-discourse-on-the-existence-of-god/

Venerable Bede GREGORY THE GREAT http://www.cin.org/greggrea.html

 
 
 
 

Bellarmine and Galileo

In 13 History on 2011/05/18 at 8:06 AM

St. Robert Bellarmine was to Pius V what Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was to Pope John Paul II: in charge of the Holy Office and chief theologian.

This renowned and distinguished Jesuit theologian, writer  and cardinal was brought up at the newly-founded Jesuit college and  entered the Society of Jesus.

Having studied philosophy at the Roman College, he later taught humanities at Florence, and theology at Padua before going to Louvain to become acquainted with the character of the currents of heresies.

His reputation both as a professor and a preacher  drew both Catholics and Protestants from all Christendom.

Later, holding the chair of Controversies at the Roman College, Bellarmine’s powerful lectures grew into the work OF CONTROVERSIES which won him great renown.  His book has never been superseded as the classical book on its subject matter.

His monumental work was the first attempt to systematize the controversies of the time, and made an powerful impression throughout Europe. It dealt such a severe blow to Protestantism that in Germany and England special chairs were founded in order to provide replies to it.

One major controversy he settled was that concerning the nature of the concord between efficacious grace and human liberty.

Bellarmine also sat on the final commission for the revision of the Vulgate text of the Bible which was ordered by the Council of Trent.

From his post as Rector of the Roman College he was called in 1597 by Pope Clement VIII to be his personal theologian as well as Examiner of Bishops and Consulter of the Holy Office. When made a Cardinal, it was said of him that “the Church of God had not his equal in learning”.

In 1615  Bellarmine took part in the earlier stages of the Galileo case but had died before it reached its later more serious stages. Bellarmine had always shown great interest in the Galileo’s discoveries  and frequently corresponded in friendship with him.

The Jesuit, Christopher Clavius, the greatest mathematician of the times and maker of the Gregorian Calendar had written to Galileo that Jesuit astronomers had confirmed his discover with the new telescopes and urged Gailele to go to Rome and promote them.  Fr. Clavius assured  Cardinal Bellarmine that the discoveries were real and confirmed by some telescopic observations of his own.

Caccini, a Dominican, maintained that Joshua’s command to the sun could not have been done according to the Copernican theory! The reality was that he and his followers were unprepared to recognize that a universe generally governed by physical laws could still accommodate miracles due to the direct action of God (they limited God by their own standards).

The sun standing still at Joshua’s command was not an action that can be explained by natural laws and did not need to be so explained.  The miracle could not be seen as disproving a theory about those laws.  God can override His laws when it serves His purposes (miracles of Christ).  He could make the sun stand still in the sky for Joshua just as he made the sun dance and drop in the sky over Fatima in 1917.

The judicious Cardinal Bellarmine wrote that the Copernican theory might be true, but was not yet proved, and should not be applied to the interpretation of Scripture until it was proved.  This position justly accommodated both sides of the Galilean controversy.

Cardinal Bellarmine had said it might eventually be proven true. He consistently favored teaching it as a theory, because he knew it might turn out to be true, though not yet proven.

Galileo was a very good Catholic.  He submitted at once, had a forty-five  minute audience with the pope who assured him of his continued admiration and support.

Galileo produced Cardinal Bellarmine’s affidavit that he, Galilieo at his first deposition before the Inquisition had not been required to abjure any false doctrine and had not been given any penance.  He did not mention  any prohibition against teaching the Copernican theory as an hypothesis.

Unfortunately, by this time Bellarmine was dead.  The committee deemed the affidavit was irrelevant and gave the verdict that he was “vehemently suspected of heresy”.