Posts Tagged ‘Franciscans’

Major Religious Orders of Men

In 15 Audio on 2016/07/08 at 12:00 AM

 The Major Religious Orders of Men

Host – Fr. Charles Connor

In the series, The Major Religious Orders of Men, Fr. Charles Connor examines the historical development of the major religious orders of men in the Catholic Church.

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The Rise of Monasticism in the East 

Host – Fr. Charles Connor


Fr. Connor explores the origins of the monastic tradition in the Church.


The Contribution of Eastern Monasticism to the West 

Host – Fr. Charles Connor


Here Fr. Connor contributes that the fruit of Eastern Monasticism for the West was the rise of Irish monks and missionaries.


Benedict and the Order He Began 

Host – Fr. Charles Connor


Fr Connor explains the foundation of the Order of St. Benedict.


The Benedictines: Conversion of England and Germany 

Host – Fr. Charles Connor


Fr. Connor expounds on the ramifications of the Benedictine evangelization of England and Germany.


The Monastic Reform of Cluny: Cistercians and Carthusians 

Host – Fr. Charles Connor


Fr. Connor shares the immense reform of monasticism that sprung forth from Cluny in France.


The Order of Carmel 

Host – Fr. Charles Connor


Here Fr Connor shares the contemplative heritage which began with the prophet Elijah seeking God on Mount Carmel in Israel, was deepened with the apparition of Our Lady to St. Simon Stock, and was furthered with the lives and mysticism of Sts. Teresa of Avila and John of the Cross.


The Poor Man of Assisi and His Order 

Host – Fr. Charles Connor


Fr Connor examines the witness of holy simplicity lived out by St. Francis in Assisi, Italy. By his example Francis encouraged single-hearted devotion to the life and Passion of Jesus Christ.


The Franciscan Family 

Host – Fr. Charles Connor


Fr. Connor declares that Francis’s charism for living out the Gospel in the charity of Christ attracts a multitudinous following and ultimately causes the Franciscan Order to become the world’s largest.


Dominic and the Order of Preachers 

Host – Fr. Charles Connor


Fr. Connor shares how the Spaniard Dominic de Guzman received his calling in the same time period as St. Francis of Assisi, and how the two fraternal orders bolstered the faith-life of the Church in a time of crisis.


Ignatius and His “Company” 

Host – Fr. Charles Connor


Fr. Connor witnesses to the heroism of Ignatius of Loyola, former Spanish soldier become saint through reading the life of Christ and of the saints. The group of men Ignatius inspired would spread his evangelical zeal throughout the world.


The Mission of the English Jesuits 

Host – Fr. Charles Connor


Fr. Connor focuses on the phenomenal blossoming of faith in the midst of the horrific persecution in Britain by Henry, Elizabeth and protestant successors to the throne. The Jesuits defended the Apostolic Faith with their lives, ensuring that Catholicism would endure forever in their homeland.


The French Connection: Sulpicians and Vincentians 

Host – Fr. Charles Connor


Fr. Connor reveals the tremendous spiritual work in France by the Society of St. Sulpice and the followers of St. Vincent de Paul.


Alphonsus and Paul of the Cross: Redemptorists and Passionists 

Host – Fr. Charles Connor


Fr. Connor shares the inspirational work of orders faithfully dedicated to the parish missions by Sts. Alphonsus Liguori and Paul of the Cross.

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St. Bonaventure 1221-1274

In 13 History on 2011/07/06 at 7:10 PM

Little is known of Bonaventure’s early life.  He was quite young when he entered the Franciscans.  He studied in Paris under the famous Alexander of Hales who founded the renowned Franciscan School.

In 1248 Bonaventure was already a Master teacher, and he lectured at the university with great success for many years.  However, jealous secular professors campaigned against religious teachers like the Dominicans and Franciscans and for years academia in Paris was in turmoil.  Rome reestablished both religious orders right to teach and both Bonaventure and Thomas Aquinas received doctoral degrees.

At age 36 Bonaventure, who had been elected Minister General of the Friars Minor, was having to deal vigorously with internal dissensions between the Spiritual and the Relaxed factions among the Friars, striking at both extremes.  While the Spiritual demanded a literal observance of the original Rule, especially in regard to poverty, the Relaxed were introducing innovations and relaxing the rule in general.With great devotion to the Virgin Mary, he began the practice of singing a Mass every Saturday throughout the order in honor of the Blessed Virgin.

Acceding to requests, Bonaventure composed his “Office of the Passion” during the early steps of the canonizing of King St. Louis, who had been his good friend.The humble Bonaventure was created Cardinal in 1273 despite his protests.   When the papal messengers brought him his cardinal’s hat they found Bonaventure washing dishes.  Bonaventure asked them to hang it on a nearby tree until his hands were free pick it up!

The Pope commissioned Bonaventure to prepare the questions for discussion for the Fourteenth Ecumenical Council which opened at Lyons the following year.  Although the Pope presided at the council, he left deliberation direction to Bonaventure. While this council was still in session, both Bonaventure and Thomas died.Bonaventure  was revered by all who knew him because of his pure character.

Alexander of Hales said that Bonaventure appeared to have escaped the curse of Adam’s sin. The people of Lyons chose Bonaventure as their special patron. A unique tribute had already been given to him by Dante in his “Divina Comedia” where Dante placed him in Paradise.Bonaventure was fusion of piety and deep learning amply reflected in all his writings.  A prolific writer on a great variety of religious topics, particularly philosophy and theology, both of which show him a faithful disciple of St. Augustine.  His influence carried to subsequent councils of the Church: Vienna (1311), Constance (1417), Basle (1435), Florence (1438) and Trent (1546).

Bonaventure’s influence in the Church continued into modern times.  In his Apologia, John Henry Newman states that his works had a critical effect on some of the definitions of dogma and at the Vatican Council (1870), entire sentences from his writings were included in the decrees concerning papal supremacy and infallibility.

Bonaventure’s exegetical works are considered a reservoir of thoughts, particularly his commentaries on the Books of Ecclesiastes and Wisdom and on the Gospels of St. Luke and St. John.  Nearly five hundred of his sermons are available today.  Most of them were taken down by his listeners to whom we are grateful for having preserved them for us.

In addition to all his philosophical and theological writings, Bonaventure wrote many inspirational works for the development of the spiritual life.

Thomas Aquinas, his good friend, and Bonaventure were two luminaries of their times; Bonaventure being a prolific writer while overwhelmed with other numerous duties unlike his friend, Aquinas, who was able to dedicate his entire life of scholarship.